Why tooth decay during pregnancy?

Why tooth decay during pregnancy? Read this article to know the answer for this question

Why tooth decay during pregnancy?

Pregnant women may also be at risk of developing tooth decay due to behavioral changes, such as eating habits. Women who have many bacteria that cause cavities during pregnancy and after delivery may transmit these bacteria from the baby's mouth to the baby's mouth. Caries (also called cavities or cavities). These are small, damaged areas on the surface of the teeth.

Being pregnant makes you more likely to have cavities. You can transmit the bacteria that cause cavities to your baby during pregnancy and after birth. This can cause problems with the baby's teeth later in life. Pregnant women are also more likely to have cavities and cavities.

During pregnancy, a woman may be more prone to tooth decay. This is due to hormonal changes that cause saliva to be more acidic.

To reduce this acidity and avoid plaque buildup, brush your teeth twice a day. Be sure to floss daily as well.

Hormonal Changes

During pregnancy, women experience many changes that affect nearly every part of their body. The most significant of these changes are hormonal shifts.

The levels of estrogen and progesterone rise to unusually high levels, which are primarily responsible for the development of the fetus. In addition, other hormones such as human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), prolactin and oxytocin fluctuate in response to the uterus’s expansion.

One of the most common effects of pregnancy hormones on your teeth is inflammation of the gum tissues. This is called pregnancy gingivitis.

Pregnancy gingivitis is usually mild and reversible, but it can cause tooth decay if it is not addressed. It also increases the sensitivity of your gums to plaque.

This effect of hormonal changes is especially important to keep in mind during the third and final months of pregnancy, when women often notice small berry-colored growths of gum tissue at the gum line or between the teeth. These are commonly referred to as “pregnancy tumors.”

Unusual Food Cravings

Pregnancy is one of the most dramatic and intensive changes in a woman’s body. It’s easy to see why pregnant women tend to crave all sorts of different foods.

While most of these cravings are harmless, sometimes women want to eat things that we wouldn’t normally consider edible. Those cravings are called pica.

Whether you’re craving pickles and ice cream or a combination of sauerkraut on peanut butter toast, it’s a good idea to talk to your doctor about these odd pregnancy cravings.

Don’t feel embarrassed about them; it’s not uncommon for expectant mothers to experience strange food cravings, and they often let up after the first trimester.

On the other hand, some women may have cravings for non-food items like dirt, chalk, paint chips, or ice. This is called pica, and it can be a sign of a nutrient deficiency or other health problem.

Excessive Snacking

Snacking is a natural part of a balanced diet, but too much snacking can lead to obesity and tooth decay. Snacks are often a source of sugar and unhealthy fats that can be detrimental to your health and weight.

Snacks should be small, healthy and not include junk foods like chips or ice cream. Instead, snack on fresh fruit, vegetables, lean meats or cheese.

To help avoid dental problems during pregnancy, brush and floss regularly. Pregnant women should also have a visit to the dentist to assess any possible dental issues that may be present before they become a serious problem.

Using a negative binomial hurdle model, we identified risk indicators associated with presence of tooth decay and number of decayed teeth (Table 2). Non-French nationality, lower age groups, low educational level and high quantity of plaque were independently associated with tooth decay.

Growths of the Gums

Your gums are particularly sensitive during pregnancy, so it is important to take care of them. You should brush and floss your teeth twice a day to keep them clean and healthy, and be sure to make an appointment with your dentist for regular checkups and professional cleanings.

Some women develop a swollen, red lump on their gums called a pregnancy tumor (also known as pyogenic granuloma). Though they are harmless and don’t pose a threat to your health, they can interfere with eating and cause discomfort.

Another common dental problem among pregnant women is tooth decay, caused by dietary carbohydrates fermented into acid by oral bacteria that degrades your enamel. Morning sickness can also increase the amount of acid that your mouth is exposed to, making it more susceptible to decay.

Scientific studies have found that this is due to hormonal changes that cause saliva to become more acidic. This acidity makes teeth more vulnerable to tooth decay, caused by acid excreted by bacteria. While there is no way to prevent this chemical change, pregnant women can reduce the risk of problems by avoiding sugary foods and paying special attention to keeping their teeth clean by regularly brushing and flossing their teeth. Poor dental health among pregnant women has been linked to preeclampsia, premature births, babies with low birth weight, and babies at higher risk of tooth decay.

Pregnancy was once believed to cause cavities so severe that a woman should expect at least one of her teeth to deteriorate irreparably or fall out every time she became pregnant. Early childhood tooth decay (tooth decay in children under six years of age) is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in children. If multiple sclerosis bacteria colonize a baby's mouth, a baby is more likely to suffer from tooth decay once his teeth come out. Research suggests that for every year that a child's first birthday passes, parents delay booking that first visit to the dentist, the child's chances of having cavities more than double.

If gingivitis isn't treated, it can lead to more serious gum disease, which in turn can lead to tooth loss. If tooth decay and gingivitis are prevented or treated, there's no reason for pregnant women to lose teeth. The best way pregnant women can prevent tooth decay and gingivitis is to keep their teeth and gums clean. Increased progesterone causes inflammation and easy bleeding in the gums, which can be painful for mothers and cause them to be too afraid to brush their teeth, which in turn becomes another cause of tooth decay.

In addition, many pregnant mothers experience morning sickness and vomiting, causing stomach acid and other partially digested pieces of food to return to the mouth and stick to the teeth, again causing tooth decay. Pregnant women should visit the dentist regularly, because if problems such as gum inflammation or tooth decay are ignored, these problems may be too late to fix during the 4 to 6 months of pregnancy (when it's still safe for mothers to undergo dental health checks and receive treatment). dental). Detecting any problems and learning to properly care for your baby's teeth in time can help your child avoid painful cavities and diseases.

Tooth decay is an infectious and communicable disease that results, in part, from the accumulation of cariogenic bacteria (which cause tooth decay) in the mouth. During pregnancy, women may have a higher risk of developing cavities because they eat more often to prevent nausea. For this reason, the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and the American Dental Association recommend scheduling your baby's first dental checkup as soon as the first tooth comes out or before the first birthday, whichever comes first. .

Alma Guerrouxo
Alma Guerrouxo

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